Surah falaq

Surah Falaq

Allah SWT says in the Holy Quran:

          “O you who have believed, seek help through patience and prayer. Indeed, Allah is with the patient.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: verse 153]

Indeed, patience and prayers are two important factors in a believer’s life. We must have patience while facing any problem. Also, we must never stop our prayers and supplications. Our obligatory, non-obligatory, Dua, and Azkaar should be a part of our daily routine. By doing so, we not only fulfill our duty and thank Allah but also seek His protection.

Surah Falaq is one of the most renowned surahs that provide protection against all evils such evil eyes, magic, Shayateen and other such things. So let’s understand Surah Falaq deeply to gain more benefits from it.

Surah Falaq Meaning

Surah Falaq

The meanings of Falaq as interpreted by many scholars are: Daybreak, Dawn, or the process of splitting.

{1} قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ

Say, “O Prophet, “I seek refuge in the Lord of the daybreak

This Surah also features our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) as a leader to teach us the virtues of this Surah. The first verse of Surah Falaq teaches a believer to seek refuge in Allah SWT, the creator of everything, be it the tiniest of the seed, or the giant mountains. Indeed, Allah knows about everything and has Authority over everything.

{2}مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ

From the evil of whatever He has created,

The word “evil” in the second verse of Surah Falaq signifies the bad traits or characters those one can possess. The absence of goodness that includes politeness, empathy, helpfulness, gentility, or cleanliness also leads to creation of evil traits or characters. This is nothing but being lost from the path of Allah and serving the true purpose of our lives.

{3}وَمِن شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ

And from the evil of darkness when it settles,

The third verse of Surah Falaq signifies the importance of seeking refuge in Allah SWT during darkness i.e. night. Many heinous crimes such as theft, murder, loots, and many others can happen in night as there is no clarity or light. Indeed, the darkness envelops the surroundings. On the other hand, we may undergo mishaps because of our own darkness. Hence, we must seek Allah’ protection to keep away the external and internal darkness.

{4}وَمِن شَرِّ النَّفَّاثَاتِ فِي الْعُقَدِ

And from the blowers in knots

The fourth verse of Surah Falaq denotes the use of magic by mankind or jinns to harm other beings. However, everything requires the permission of Allah. And indeed, this surah teaches us to seek refuge in Allah SWT to get protection from the magic doers and their magic.

Jabir ibn Abdullah reported:

 The messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him), was asked about seeking a cure from magic (al-nushrah). The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said. “They are among the works of Satan.” (Sunan Abi Dawood 3868)

{5}وَمِن شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ

And from the evil of an envier when he envies.”

The fifth verse of Surah Falaq talks about the evil of envy, jealousy, and pride. Many people get jealous by seeing other people’s lives. And it is also believed that jealousy and envy cast evil eyes onto others. Hence, this surah helps a reciter in attaining protection against evil such as envy.

Why was Surah Falaq revealed?

Surah Falaq is the 113th chapter (Surah) of the Holy Quran. The confirmed period of its revelation is not confirmed but agreed to be in the period 610-618 AD. Surah Falaq is a Meccan Surah however few scholars also believe it to be Medinan.

Indeed, this Surah holds great importance in our lives as it is a kind of weapon against all evil. Some notations regarding its revelation states that it was revealed when prophet Muhammd (Peace Be Upon Him) was unwell. And the reason for his (pbuh) sickness was magic that was done by the Jews to plot against him.

A hadith mentions about Surah Falaq and Surah An- Nas collectively that:

The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) said: “Allah has revealed to me Ayats the like of which has not been seen. “Say : I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind…” until the end of the Surah. “Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of Al-Falaq..’ until the end of the Surah” (Jami at-Tirmidhi 3367)

Virtues of Surah Falaq

virtues of surah Falaq

  1. Surah Falaq is one of the most magnificent sources of Protection from all evil.

This Surah acts like an effective supplication that provides the reciter with the protection from all the evil. When read in day and night, it keeps all evils away.

The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said:

Should I not inform you of the best refuge which the person who seeks refuge takes? They (companions) said: “Of course, O Messenger of Allah” He (Peace Be Upon Him) said: “ Surah Falaq and An-Naas.” (Al Saheena 1104)

  • Surah Falaq also helps in consolidating one’s faith

While reciting Surah Falaq, we not only believe that Allah is the Creator of all the things. But we also know that even any evil cannot happen without His permission. Hence, when we seek refuge in the Almighty, He saves us.

  • Surah Falaq is a great way to earn rewards and thank Allah for his bounties. When we place our trust in Allah, we also express our strength of Imaan.
  • Surah Falaq teaches us that this world is full of problems and there is existence of all kinds of evils. The external evil can be in the form of evil eye, magic, and sorcery. Whereas, the inner evil can be envy, jealousy, and pride. But how Magnificent is our Lord, He hasn’t left us astray. In Fact, He has taught us ways to gain His protection.
  • Surah Falaq teaches us to never lose hope but trust Allah. Through this great weapon, we can fight every evil under the Protection of Allah.
  • Our daily Azkhar and Dhikr can play a vital role in our protection from all sorts of evils. Hence,we should recite Surah Falaq and Surah An-Nas to fight off the evils.
  • Reciting Surah Falaq also helps us in remembering Allah often and knowing that there is nothing that is not under His control. Indeed, He is Al’ Azeez, The Mighty!
  • Reciting Surah Falaq in the prayers is a part of Sunnah.

It was narrated that ‘Abdul-‘Aziz bin Juraij (R.A.) said

“We asked ‘Aishah (R.A.) what the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) used to recite in Witr. She said: ‘He used to recite: “Glorify the Name of your Lord the Most High,” [Al-A’la (87)] in the first Rak’ah, ‘Say: “O disbelievers!’” [Al- Kafirun (109)] in the second Rak’ah, and ‘Say: Allah is One’ in the third and the Mu’awwidhatayn (Chapter 113, 114).’”

Benefits of Reciting Surah Falaq

 There are many benefits of reciting Surah Falaq daily.

  1. Surah Falaq is beneficial in the condition of serious illness. A hadith in Sahih al-Bukhari mentions that:

Narrated Aisha (R.A):

Whenever Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) become sick, he would recite Mu’awwidhat (Surah Falaq and Surah An-Nas) and then blow over his breath over his body. When he became seriously ill, I used to recite (These Surahs) and rub his hands over his body hoping for its blessings

2.Surah Falaq along with Surah Ikhlas and Surah An-Nas is sufficient.

A’bdullah bin Khubaib (R.A) reported that:

The Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) said to me: “Recite Surat Al-Ikhlas and Al- Mu’awwidhatain (Surat Al-Falaq and Surat An-Nas) three times at dawn and dusk. It will suffice you in all respects.” (Riyadh as Salihin)

3.Surah Falaq provides us protection against evil eye.

It is a lot easier to catch evil eye nowadays. Anybody sitting far away can be jealous of your pictures on social media. And if not jealous, an eye can be casted even when we love a thing or someone with good intentions. Hence, we must recite Surah Falaq to get protection from every kind of evil eye.

          Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (R.A.) reported:

The Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) used to seek protection against the evil of jinn and the evil eyes till Surat Al-Falaq and Surat An-Nas were revealed. After they were revealed, he took to them for seeking Allah’s protection and left everything besides them. (Riyadh as Salihin)

4.Surah Falaq helps us in getting all our needs met.

Ibn Al-Qayyim said:

The effectiveness of these surahs (Surah Falaq and An-Naas) is great to repel magic, evil eye, and the rest of the evils and the need for a slave to seek Allah’s protection from these two surahs is greater than his need for self, eating, drinking, and wearing dress.

(Al-Fawwaid, 2/426)

5.Reciting Surah Falaq with Surah An-Nas helps in getting protection from one Friday to another.

The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) saidWhoever recites seven times after the Friday prayer Surah Al-Ikhlaas, Surah Falaq and Surah An-Naas, Allah will reward him for that such that no evil will reach him until the next Friday.

6.Surah Falaq is one of the ways to save ourselves from the Hellfire.

ibn Mardawih and Daylami narrated from Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-Aas (R.A.)

That I asked the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) about the verse ‘Qul Aaoothu bi-Rabbi al-Falaq’ (113:1). So he said it (Surah Falaq) is a prison inside hell in which tyrant (rulers) and proud people will be punished. Undoubtedly, even the hell itself seeks the refuge of Allah from it.

(Al-Firdaws bima Thur al-Khitab 3/217)

7.Reciting Surah Falaq, Surah Ikhlaas, and Surah An-Naas gives us the reward of reading the whole Quran, getting rid of our sins, and earning the reward of dying as a martyr.

It is also reported from the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) that whoever recites the surahs al-Ikhlas, al-Nas and Surah Falaq ten times every night, it is as if he has recited the whole Qur’an and will be free of his sins like the day he is born of his mother and if he dies on that day or night, he dies a martyr.

(Majma al-Bayan 10/491)

8.Reciting Surah Falaq and Surah An-Nas in Witr prayers helps us in getting our Witr prayer accepted.

It is narrated from Imam al-Baqir (R.A.) that whoever recites the surahs of al-Mu’awwidhatayn in three rak’as of his night prayer, he will be told that, “O servant of God! The good news is for you that God accepted your Witr prayer.” (Ahlulbayt school of thought)

9.Surah Falaq and Surah An-Nas gives you the reward of reciting all the divine books.

It is narrated from the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) that whoever recites the two surahs of al-Nas and al-Falaq is like someone who has recited all the books of divine prophets (Peace Be Upon Him).

Al-Mu’awwidhatayn

Al-Mu’awwidhatayn is translated in English as the “the two verses for seeking refuge.” It includes the last two Surahs of the Holy Quran. They are Surah Falaq (113th) and Surah An-Nas (114th). There are many hadiths that depict their importance in seeking refuge in Allah SWT from the evils.

Surah Falaq in Arabic

قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ ﴿١﴾ مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ ﴿٢﴾ وَمِن شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ ﴿٣﴾ وَمِن شَرِّ النَّفَّاثَاتِ فِي الْعُقَدِ ﴿٤﴾ وَمِن شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ ﴿٥﴾

Surah Falaq in English (Transliteration)

Qul a’oozhu bi rabbil-falaq

Min sharri maa khalaq

Wa min sharri ghaasiqin izhaa waqab

Wa min sharrin-naffaa-thaati fil ‘uqad

Wa min sharri haasidin izhaa hasad

FAQs

Question1: Can we write and stick Surah Al Falaq in our homes to gain protection?

Answer1: There is no hadith that mentions the significance of writing and sticking it over the walls. Its recitation should be done to gain maximum profit.

Question2: Can we recite Surah Falaq at the time of fear?

Answer2: Yes. We should always reflect on the meaning of Surah Falaq that signifies that Allah has control over everything. Hence, we should remember that all power lies with our Lord and recite the Surah with belief.

Question3: Can we recite Surah Falaq without Surah An-Nas and Surah Ikhlas?

Answer3: Yes you can. However reciting all the three Surah is beneficial as mentioned in Hadiths.

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